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How to Improve Your Viola Technique with Carl Flesch Scale System
If you are a violist who wants to improve your intonation, facility, and musicality, you might want to check out the Carl Flesch Scale System for Viola. This is a comprehensive collection of scale exercises in all major and minor keys, adapted for the viola by Charlotte Karman from the original work by Carl Flesch, a renowned violinist and pedagogue.
The Carl Flesch Scale System for Viola covers various aspects of scale playing, such as fingerings, bowings, rhythms, articulations, double stops, arpeggios, and chords. It also includes exercises for developing vibrato, shifting, and harmonics. By practicing these exercises daily, you can enhance your technical skills and musical expression on the viola.
You can download the PDF version of the Carl Flesch Scale System for Viola from various online sources, such as IMSLP[^1^], Scribd[^2^] [^3^], or Amazon. You can also purchase a printed copy from music stores or online retailers. However you choose to access this valuable resource, make sure to follow the suggestions given by Carl Flesch and Charlotte Karman in the foreword and preface of the book.
Some of these suggestions are:
Practice slowly for perfecting the intonation and fast for acquiring facility.
Use a metronome to ensure accuracy and evenness.
Vary the dynamics and expression according to the character of each scale.
Practice each exercise in different keys, following the circle of fifths.
Review each exercise periodically to consolidate your progress.
By following these guidelines and practicing diligently, you can expect to see improvement in your viola technique and musicality. The Carl Flesch Scale System for Viola is a great tool for violists of all levels who want to master their instrument and prepare for any repertoire.
What is the Carl Flesch Scale System
The Carl Flesch Scale System is a collection of scale exercises for violinists, first published in 1926 by Carl Flesch, a Hungarian violinist and teacher. Flesch was one of the most influential violin pedagogues of the 20th century, and his scale system is regarded as a standard work by violinists worldwide. The scale system consists of twelve exercises in each key, progressing through the circle of fifths (alternating major with relative minor), ascending in flats and descending in sharps. The exercises cover various aspects of scale playing, such as fingerings, bowings, rhythms, articulations, double stops, arpeggios, and chords. The scale system also includes exercises for developing vibrato, shifting, and harmonics.
The Carl Flesch Scale System aims to provide a comprehensive and systematic approach to developing one's general technique on the violin. Flesch believed that scales are the foundation of violin playing, and that by mastering them, one can achieve accuracy, agility, and musicality on the instrument. He also emphasized the importance of practicing scales with attention to detail, expression, and musicality, rather than mechanically or superficially. He wrote in the preface of his scale system: \"The main purpose of these exercises is not to increase mechanical skill but rather to develop a feeling for style and beauty.\"
How was the Carl Flesch Scale System adapted for the Viola
The Carl Flesch Scale System was adapted for the viola by Charlotte Karman, a violist and teacher who studied with Flesch in Berlin. Karman recognized the value of Flesch's scale system for violists, who at that time had very little solo literature and technical material written for their instrument. She undertook the task of translating Flesch's scale system into the viola medium with his encouragement and approval. She published her adaptation in 1942 by Carl Fischer Inc.
The Carl Flesch Scale System for Viola follows the same structure and principles as the original version for violin, but with some modifications to suit the viola's range, tuning, and fingerboard. For example, Karman transposed some exercises down an octave or a fifth to fit the viola's lower register. She also adjusted some fingerings and bowings to accommodate the viola's larger size and string tension. She preserved Flesch's original instructions and suggestions as much as possible, but added some of her own comments and tips for violists.
The Carl Flesch Scale System for Viola is one of the first and most comprehensive scale systems written specifically for the viola. It has been widely used by violists of all levels and has been praised by many prominent violists and teachers. It has also inspired other scale systems for viola, such as those by Ivan Galamian, William Primrose, Karen Tuttle, Simon Fischer, and Barbara Barber. a474f39169